Adad, also known as Ishkur in Sumerian tradition, is a prominent deity in the Mesopotamian pantheon, revered as the god of storms, weather, and thunder. His worship spans across various Mesopotamian cultures, including the Babylonian and Assyrian civilizations, where he played a dual role as both a life-giver and a destroyer.


Adad is characterized by his twofold aspect of benevolence and wrath. As a bringer of rain, he was celebrated as the Lord of Abundance, vital for the agricultural prosperity of Mesopotamia. His rains were believed to cause the land to yield grain and sustain life.

However, Adad also had a fearsome side; his storms and hurricanes were seen as manifestations of his anger, capable of bringing darkness, want, and death

Adad’s symbols include the cypress tree and his sacred number, six. The bull and the lion were animals sacred to him, representing his strength and power. In artistic depictions, Adad is often shown wielding a lightning fork, a symbol of his control over storms and thunder. This iconography highlights his dominion over the elements and his role as a mediator between the heavens and the earth.